ContentsRitual of waving a lit lamp (Aukshan)
- 1. Articles required for the ritual of waving lit lamp and their arrangement
- 2. Method of waving a lit lamp
- 3. The science behind the actions during ‘Aukshan’
- 3.1 Why is it that akshatas should be placed on the vermillion applied on the forehead of the individual?
- 3.2 Why is it that while doing Aukshan waving is done by the ring and beetlenut taken in hand?
- 3.3 Why is the ring after waving around the face, touched to the platter (used for the ritual)?
- 3.4 What is the science underlying using an ornament instead of a coin in the ritual of waving lit lamp?
- 3.5 Various methods of the ritual of waving lit lamp
- 3.6 Why are the unbroken rice grains (Akshatas) kept below the lit lamp platter when it is put down after the ritual is over?
- 3.7 Why is the lit lamp platter moved only once while performing the ritual for Saints?
- 4. Reason behind the various methods of the ritual of moving lit lamp and the effect on the embodied soul
- 5. A spiritual experience of the ritual of waving lit lamp
A. The spiritual meaning of ‘Aukshan’: ‘Aukshan’, the ritual of waving lit lamp means, welcoming of the divine frequencies brought on the earth with the help of the lit lamp, and surrendering to those frequencies at the same moment.
B. The Importance of the ritual of waving a lit lamp (aukshan)
C. For whom is the ritual of waving lit lamp performed?: The ritual of waving lit lamp is performed on young ones, elders, respectable individuals, King, Soldier embarking on a battle and Saint.
- Development of an armour: While waving the lit lamp around the embodied soul the frequencies projected and imbibed by the soul, create an active armour around the body of the embodied soul.
- Assists in blessing of the Deity: The spiritual emotion thus awakened, brings about the activation of the Divine frequencies, and the embodied soul is blessed by the Deity. When the ritual is being performed on the embodied soul, the prayer made for one’s spiritual progress with a complete attitude of surrender, helps the jiv in availing the Deities blessings to the maximum. –A Scholar ( Through the medium of Mrs. Anjali Gadgil, 27.1.2005, 12.29 pm)
D. Where is the ritual of waving lit lamp performed?: Generally the person is made to sit in front of the Deity at home, while performing the ritual of waving the lit lamp. During some specific occasions (for e.g., thread ceremony, marriage) it is performed at the venue of the ceremony.
Why is the ritual of waving lit lamp performed inside the home and not while standing at the door?
‘The elevations at the threshold (Umbara) is a seat (medium) of to and fro travel of the frequencies from the hell region. These distressing vibrations are consolidated in the threshold at the entrance. When standing at the door the jiva suffers from the field which is infused with the raja tama frequenciess. These frequencies create a sheath around the jiv. This in turn affects the mental sheath of the jiv. Increase in the raja–tama attribute thus increases the irritability of the affected jiv. Thus the ritual of waving lit lamp at the door step is not allowed in the Hindu Dharma. Rather than at the doorstep, the ritual may be performed inside the home, and in front of the temple-room at home as far as possible. The Swastika symbol is drawn on the ground with rice powder (rangoli) and a wooden seat is kept on it, for the jiv to sit. This helps in obtaining the benefit from the Divine chaitanya activated due to the spiritual emotion of the jiv at the time of ritual and the blessing for the required energy for further mission. – A Scholar (Through the medium of Mrs. Anjali Gadgil, 25.1.2005, 9.26 p.m.)
(For a person affected by distressing energy, a ritual for removal of the evil eye is performed with red chilies, rock salt and mustard seeds and also by waving a coconut. This ritual is performed at the doorstep and when this ritual is performed with the coconut, it is broken just outside the threshold. This is because the threshold is a seat for the transmission of the distressing energies to the region of hell - Compiler)
Articles required for the ritual of waving lit lamp: Turmeric powder, kumkum (vermilion), unbroken rice grains (akshata), cotton wicks, oil, lamp, gold ring, whole beetle nut etc.
Arrangement of the articles in the platter and the underlying science:
This correct arrangement of the articles in the platter, help in gaining of the divine principle by the embodied soul. (Divine knowledge received through the medium of Mrs. Anjali Gadgil, 28.1.2005, 12.52 pm)
- In the dish, on our left, the turmeric powder and vermilion is placed as symbolic of the Aadishakti (primal energy) required for any action. The subtle fragrance emitted from the turmeric powder and vermilion attracts the divine sutble particles (pavitrake)of the Deities present in the universe.
- The gold ring and beetle nut is placed on the right hand side as symbolic of the active Shiva (male) principle
- As the unbroken rice grains are of all-encompassing attribute, they are kept in the center of the dish.
- Just in front yet closer to the unbroken rice grains, the lit lamp is centrally placed. The lit lamp denotes the central channel activated by the energy of the embodied soul. When the primal energy received through the vermilion and turmeric joins the divine male principle received through the gold ring and beetlenut, the blessing flowing from the Deity through the medium of the unbroken rice are transmitted towards the embodied soul. This activated central channel in the jiv, thus brings success in the mission, with the divine grace.
Compiler: When arranging the platter for the ritual of waving lit lamp, the turmeric and vermilion is to be kept of the left hand side. On the other hand in the platter arrangement for ritualistic worship (puja), the turmeric and vermilion is placed on the right hand side. How can one bridge the seeming discrepancy?
A Scholar: The arrangement of the articles in the platter for ritualistic worship is done, so that the respective Divine principle gets attracted and the place of worship gets purified. The ingredients are included for their inherent color and fragrance. Amongst these items, vermilion and turmeric, have maximum ability to attract the active and raja predominant manifest principle so they are placed on the right hand side of jiv.
In the platter used for the ritual of waving lit lamp, the gold ring and betelnut is included. These have more ability to attract the raja attribute at an inferior level as compared to turmeric and vermilion, thus they are placed on the right hand side and the turmeric and vermilion is shifted to the left hand side. Thus the placement is done as per the kind of raja attribute required for the ritual. (Through the medium of Mrs. Anjali Gadgil, 21. 11.2006, 10.11 p.m.)
- Keep a wooden stool and draw a design with rice powder (rangoli) around it. Let the one on whom the ritual is done, be seated on this stool.
- Wet vermilion is applied on the forehead of the individual undergoing the ritual, with upward movement using the tip of the middle finger. Then few akshatas are placed on the vermillion.
- Then with the platter in hand, the gold ring and the beetlenut is held together and waved around the face in following manner.
A. Begin by touching the ring and the beetlenut at the level of the Adnya chakra (mid-brow)
B. Then wave the ring and beetlenut from the right shoulder, in a clockwise direction to the left shoulder. Then repeat the process but in opposite direction that is waving from left to right shoulder. Repeat thus thrice. Everytime one should touch the ring and beetlenut to platter.
- Then the individual undergoing ritual should be waved with the whole platter.
- The individual is then fed with sweets
- The one who waves the lamp then prays for the betterment of the individual.
- While keeping the platter down akshatas are placed underneath it.
3.1 Why is it that akshatas should be placed on the vermillion applied on the forehead of the individual?
3.4 What is the science underlying using an ornament instead of a coin in the ritual of waving lit lamp?
3.6 Why are the unbroken rice grains (Akshatas) kept below the lit lamp platter when it is put down after the ritual is over?
4. Reason behind the various methods of the ritual of moving lit lamp and the effect on the embodied soul
For details on the above topics refer to Sanatan's publication: ‘Science underlying various family religious traditions and social customs’